Debian Hybrid images

I was playing with Debian 8 (Jessie) & 9 (Stretch) last few days. I tried Debian installation to revive my 7 years old laptop. Also, need to upgrade Linux and Koha in our university server.

My search for Debian images always ends at installer iso files. Installer iso of Debian available with fewer desktops; LXDE and XFCE. LXDE and XFCE belong to the lightweight desktop category. So the desktop's look thin with a poor shabby look!!.

My favourite Linux desktop is MATE. It gives a nostalgic classic look of GNOME 2. I always download and install with the help of Debian XFCE installer CD. Then install MATE desktop and remove XFCE. This practice took time and requires more patience. Little risk also in the work. Chance for the loss of lightdm display manager while removing XFCE. Linux will boot into text mode without a display manager.

What is Debian Hybrid image?
Finally, I found that Debian has hybrid iso images with a range of desktops including MATE. Debian Hybrid iso image contains both installer and live mode. "The live images come in several "flavours" providing a choice of desktop environments (GNOME, KDE, LXDE, Xfce, Cinnamon and MATE). Many users will find these initial package selections suitable".

Linux newbies can find Debian MATE hybrid iso image more comfortable.  Here is the download link to hybrid image of Debian 8;

Debian MATE loaded with few goodies and faster than Ubuntu MATE. It also gives a gentle look desktop. Debian MATE duo can perform fast with laptop, desktop and servers.

Install MATE desktop on Debian

Ambiant-MATE theme on Debian 8 (Jessie).
It tried to install MATE Desktop on Debian 8 (Jessie) and Debian 9 (Stretch). I installed Debian XFCE from CD. Visit Debian Download page to get CD. XFCE desktop is not beautiful. So I decided to install Ubuntu MATE Desktop. Then installed Ubunt MATE Theme. Ubuntu MATE theme is very shiny.

How to install LibreOffice 6 on Ubuntu

LibreOffice 6 released. Here the steps to install LibreOffice 6 on Ubuntu 16.04.

1. Download the LibreOffice package from here.
2. Copy the file in home folder.
3. Right click on the file and extract.
4. Enter inside the folder of extracted files,
cd LibreOffice_6.0.0.3_Linux_x86-64_deb/DEBS
5. Install the files,
dpkg -i *.deb
6. Check the new version of LibreOffice at Applications > Office

Empower your Netbook using Linux

Netbook has now become a major segment of the computer market. Netbooks are miniature of laptops and less powerful. If you are not a power user, no need to buy a powerful and costly laptop. The price of Netbook is affordable to everybody's pocket; especially for students and research scholars. The users can buy from the price range between Rs. 12000 to 20000. Netbooks are lightweight and convenient to carry while travelling. Renowned brands like Dell, HP, Asus and Acer have Netbook range of products.

Install MATE Desktop Environment in Debian and Ubuntu

The MATE Desktop environment is the fork of GNOME 2. GNOME 2 was seized after the arrival of GNOME 3. Linux users still love GNOME 2 classic desktop due to its simplicity. MATE desktop provide more shining classical desktop and give the same GNOME 2 experience. MATE desktop can install on various Linux distributions. Here is the instructions to install MATE desktop minimal in Debian and Ubuntu. Minimal version of the MATE desktop provide core of the desktop without all default applications.

Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Apply following commands one by one;

sudo su
apt-add-repository ppa:ubuntu-mate-dev/xenial-mate
apt-get update
apt-get install mate-desktop-environment-core

Log out and choose the MATE desktop.

MATE desktop in Ubuntu

apt-get install mate-desktop-environment-core
apt-get install mate-themes

Log out and select MATE desktop.
MATE minimal installation in Debian 9

Tasksel: an easy walk tool with Linux

Tasksel is a tool which available with Linux which helpful to install a bunch (related) of packages. If a user wants to install LAMP (Apache, MySQL, PHP) package, need to apply the command to install individual applications. With the help of Tasksel, the user can select and install LAMP package from GUI.

Tasksel is very useful to select and install the desired desktop package while working with Debian/Ubuntu. For example, Tasksel can help the user to install a new desktop like Ubuntu MATE/Xubuntu desktop. Otherwise, the user needs to apply the concerned command to install Ubuntu MATE minimum desktop.

Install Canon MF226DN All-in-One Printer in Ubuntu

1. Install following dependancy packages.

sudo apt-get install libxml2:i386
sudo apt-get install libjpeg62:i386
sudo apt-get install lib32z1
sudo apt-get install libstdc++5:i386 libstdc++6:i386
sudo restart cups

2. Download the Canon driver from following link,

3. Install the Canon driver.
Extract the package. Find the folder contain the .deb packages suitable for 64 bit architecture. Apply the command to install the .deb packages.

sudo dpkg *.deb

Go to Ubuntu Settings and find that the Printer added in the list.

First-hand experience with Ubuntu 17.04 (Artful Aardvark)

I installed and tried Ubuntu 17.04 (Artful Aardvark) Linux. The main change is the advent of GNOME desktop instead of Unity. Default GNOME desktop seems heavy for low profile computers. Experienced fast performance after the installation of GNOME Classic desktop. Users can sync with various accounts (e.g. Google) from the file manager. This feature is helpful for users to backup files in cloud storage.
Default GNOME desktop of Ubuntu 17.04. The desktop feel heavy for low profile computers.

Install GNOME Classic desktop for fast performance.

User can add various acounts.
Sync with Google Drive in File Manager

Install Epson L380 printer driver in Ubuntu / Debian

Epson L380 is a color inkjet printer. Very suitable for home and office use. Epson has made available Linux driver for the printer L380. Here are the steps to install the Linux driver for Ubuntu.

Bypass "unlock your login keyring" with Chrome browser

Asking password to open Chrome browser is part of security. But it's very annoying for users to enter the password when asking keyring to unlock when start Google Chrome browser.

We can bypass it. I tried this method in Ubuntu MATE.

Install Debian 9 Stretch (Screenshots)

Debian 9, release name 'Stretch' released on June 17, 2017. ISO images are available at
Here I am used Debian 9 with XFCE Desktop.

Download and burn the iso file in a CD/DVD/pen drive. Change the boot option of the PC and boot into Debin DVD.
Graphical install is good for newbies.

Install HP LaserJet P1108 printer in Debian 8 and Ubuntu 16.04

You can find that HP LaserJet P1108 does not work simply adding the printer with Ubuntu 16.04 and Debian 8. Installation of HP driver fails to install plugin file. You will get following error message,

"HP Device Manager - Plug-in Installer(X) file does not match its checksum. File may have been corrupted or altered"

Install HP Printer packages

sudo apt-get install hplip hplip-dbg hplip-gui hplip-cups

Format pen drive using command line in Linux

Apply following commands to know the drive name of the USB pen drive.

sudo su
fdisk -l

Unmount the pen drive before the formatting process.

umount /dev/sdb1

Apply the following command to format the pen drive in FAT 32 format.

mkdosfs -F 32 -I /dev/sdb1

Install HP LaserJet P1505 in Ubuntu 16.04

Image courtesy: HP

HP LaserJet P1505 is a popular printer and can be found in most of the offices. Installation of the printer driver is necessary to run.

1. Plugin the printer to the computer.
2. Download and install the HP Printer driver. Apply following commands,

sudo su
sudo hp-setup -i

During the installation process user has to answer many questions.

Install Lineage OS on Asus Zenfone Selfie: a slim guide.

Asus Zenfone Selfie (Build Number. ZD551KL)is a budget smart phone priced below INR 12000. The default Android version is Lollipop with Zen UI. Zenfone Selfie can give good performance, if we install custom ROM.  Lineage OS is the leading custom ROM project and it offers official build for Zenfone Selfie. User can install Lineage OS over default Android. Lineage OS can improve the performance of Zenfone Selfie.

Necessary skill set
Basic knowledge on adb and fastboot, TWRP custom recovery installation, flash packages from TWRP. Finally you need the confidence to take the risk of unbrick phone (Void warranty)!!.

[I will not be responsible to what happens to your device while trying following steps.]