How to change boot splash in to text mode

You can change Ubuntu traditional graphical boot splash into text mode. See the following commands,

gedit /etc/default/grub

Find the following line,


Delete the words "quiet splash" . See the modified line below,


Then update the Grub,

sudo update-grub

New Version of LibLiveCD - DSpace, Koha & Drupal

New release of LibLiveCD version 1.3. This version of CDROM is made available today on

 The current version of LibLiveCD contains lUbuntu 12.04 LTS, DSpace-1.8.2,
Koha-3.8.6 & Drupal-7.16. All these three software are pre-configured and
pre-installed on a livecd. The total size of the LibLiveCD is 696 MB.
Drupal Content Management Open Source Software is added considering the
requirements of libraries to create their library websites with dynamic

Along with DSpace, Koha & Drupal the CD also contains following server
related software preinstalled and pre configured such as:-

 Apache2 Web Server, OpenSSH Server, VSFTP Server, MySQL Server, PostGreSQL
Server, Dovecot/Exim4

Mail Server, SquirrelMail Web Mail Client and Minimum desktop environment.

 To input multilingual data in DSpace/Koha, IBUS input method is also
installed on the CD. Teamviewer 7 is pre installed to share desktop,
Abiword for editing/reading word documents, gnumeric for using spread
sheets, vim/medit/gedit for text editing and epdfview for reading PDF files.

 Openoffice/Libreoffice and multimedia related software are excluded
from the CD and these can easily be installed
by running "System Tools-Synaptic Package Manager".  If the synaptic
?reload? does not work try changing
repositories links to instead of and then search and install any other software required.

lUbuntu operating system (Lightweight Operating System) is chosen
considering requirements from libraries where libraries have low configuration desktops in their libraries but still wish to initiate their library web sites,
complete library automation as well as wish to create digital libraries.

Please follow proper installation steps to install livecd if you wish
to have dual boot i.e. windows as well as linux installation on your machines.

If you are installing livecd on a machine which is running under proxy
and if you are unable to browse Internet then on every boot you will have to manually set current date and time. To set current date and time manually run the following command on every boot to set systems current date and time.

root@localhost:date -s "09 NOV 2012 03:35:00"

Please change current date and time as above so that machines behind
proxies can run Internet successfully.

Please write to dlrg at
<> for any

Madbox Linux: super fast Linux

You want a super fast Linux?

You can download and use Madbox Linux.

Madvox is build on Ubuntu 12.04 and OpenBox desktop.

Base : Ubuntu precise (development branch) 12.04
Kernel : 3.2.0-20
Window Manager : Openbox 3.5.0

 Accessories : lxterminal, lxpanel, pcmanfm, geany
 Multimedia : mirage, gnome-mplayer, pavucontrol
 Web : chromium
 System : gparted, htop, ..

List all entries in Startup Applications menu in Ubuntu 12.04

In normal case, entries in Startup Applications in Ubuntu 12.04 does not display.
You can enable all the entries by applying following commands in a terminal,

cd /etc/xdg/autostart/
sudo sed --in-place 's/NoDisplay=true/NoDisplay=false/g' *.desktop

How to install minimal gnome-shell

Execute the following command in a terminal,

sudo apt-get --no-install-recommends install gnome-shell

Installation of minimal gnome-shell is essential in the process of building live CD from scratch. 

"Not registered on network" error in Android

Follow the steps to solve this problem,

Settings > Wireless and Network settings > Mobile networks > Network operators

Select your network service provider from the list.

How to overcome Samasung Galaxy Y S5300 Pocket "Sleep of Death" problem

I recently bought Samsung Galaxy Y S5300 Pocket mobile phone. It showed the sign of "Sleep of Death" a common problem of Android phones. The sign of the disease is that phone is automatically switch off when it not in use. I went to Samsung service centre and described my problem. They re-installed the software. But problem  not solved. But I updated the OS through Wireless Internet connection and the problem solved. Following are the steps I followed:

1. Connect your Samsung Galaxy phone to Internet connection.
2. Open Settings > About Phone > Software Update > Update Check for updates
3. Allow the phone to receive update from Internet. Wait for the process complete and at last phone will automatically reboot.

My phone survived from "Sleep of Death" problem after this process. I don't know how it works in your phone. My Phone based on Android v2.3 (Gingerbread) OS. 

How to remove translation entries while apt-get update

While updating Ubuntu 12.04 repositories, you can see that it take too much time checking translation entries. You can save the time by applying following solution,

gedit /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/99translations

And add following lines and save it,

Acquire::Languages "none";

Then try apt-get update command in a Terminal.

How to install Dropbox client in Ubuntu

Dropbox is an online storage service, where you can get 2 GB initial storage space free. You can easily manage Dropbox storage service from your desktop PC by installing Dropbox client.


Create an account in Dropbox website,

Download deb file from

Install Dropbox client in your Ubuntu [Right click deb file and select "Open with .

After installation, Dropbox client open and give your user name and password.

You can see Dropbox icon appeared in desktop task bar.
You can drop your files in Dropbox folder in Home folder. Then it transfer to online storage space.

Change Ubuntu windows button from Left to Right

From Ubuntu 10.04 onwards you can see applications windows button in Left side.
This is inconvenient to many users. You can change it to right side as previous versions.

Press Alt + F2. A window appears and copy paste the following command in the text space and Press Run button.

gconftool-2 --set /apps/metacity/general/button_layout --type string menu:minimize,maximize,close

You can see the change.

How to install GnomeShell in Linux Mint 13 and Ubuntu 12.04

If you like traditional desktop in Linux Mint 13 Cinnamon edition and Ubuntu 12.04, you can install GnomeShell. GNOME Shell is the core user interface of the GNOME 3 desktop environment. I installed GnomeShell when my Cinnamon desktop in Linux Mint 13 showed some problems.

How to install
Open Applications > Accessories > Terminal and apply following commands.

sudo su
apt-get install gnome-shell

After completing the installation restart PC and in login screen change the session to gnome classic.

No Internet connection in Virtual Box with Linux Mint 13

No Internet connection in my Virtual Box inside Linux Mint 13 Maya. My default networking adapter in Virtual Box was NAT. I solved the problem by changing to Bridge Adapter. Now I can access Internet in Virtual Box client OS.

How to install Gnome shell in Linux Mint 13 Cinnamon dektop

Open a terminal and apply following commands,

sudo su
apt-get install gnome-shell

Disable auto log-in, System Tools > Administration > Login Window
Restart PC

Linux Mint 13 Maya released

Linux Mint is a derivative of Ubuntu, more user friendly and added proprietary codecs (Flash player, Mp3 etc). Linux Mint is a ready to use Linux after installation.

Linux Mint 13 is available with two desktop interfaces, MATE and Cinnamon.
Both desktops are very user friendly and easy to use.


Install GnomeBaker in Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot)

You can't see Gnome Baker burning tool in Ubuntu 11.10. This is a very simple tool for burning various file formats into CD/DVD. See the following instructions to install Gnome Baker in Ubuntu 11.10,

Open Terminal and execute following commands,

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnomebaker/stable
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install gnomebaker

Gnome Baker will appear in Applications > Sound & Video menu

Koha Live DVD

Koha Live DVD is based on Ubuntu Linux and Koha 3.x. Live DVD customised for ready to use. Highlights are:
  • Easy installation steps
  • Koha customised for ready to use
  • Zebra server enabled
  • Customised MARC fields in cataloguing
  • Webmin included for scheduling database backup
  • Build on Ubuntu 10.04 LTS
  • Detailed installation manual and Read Me file
  • Sample reports
You can download DVD from

CrunchBang 10 “Statler” released

CrunchBang is a light weight Debian based Linux.
"CrunchBang is a Debian GNU/Linux based distribution offering a great blend of speed, style and substance. Using the nimble Openbox window manager, it is highly customisable and provides a modern, full-featured GNU/Linux system without sacrificing performance."

Koha installation on Ubuntu 12.04

Install Ubuntu /Xubuntu 12.04 LTS. See the below link to get detailed installation instructions.

Open Applications > Accessories > Terminal and  apply following commands,
sudo su
apt-get install leafpad
Add Koha package repository

wget -O- | sudo apt-key add -
echo deb oldstable main | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/koha.list

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install koha-common

Initial Configuration
Create a new file

leafpad /etc/koha/koha-sites.conf

Add the following lines and save.

DOMAIN=""  # Change this to be your domain.
INTRAPORT="8080"  # TCP listening port for the administration interface
OPACPORT="80"  # TCP listening port for the users' interface
ZEBRA_MARC_FORMAT="marc21"  # Possible values are 'marc21', 'normarc' and 'unimarc'
ZEBRA_LANGUAGE="en"  # Possible values are 'en', 'fr' and 'nb'

Adding ports
Open following file and add ports

sudo leafpad /etc/apache2/ports.conf

Copy paste following line below Listen 80

Listen 8080
Restart Apache,

sudo service apache2 restart

Configuration of UTF-8 in MySQL and Apache
Enable UTF-8 at MySQL 
Open a Terminal and type following command, 

sudo su 
leafpad /etc/mysql/my.cnf   

[Under the Basic settings section, add the following,] 

# UTF-8 Defaults for Koha 
init-connect='SET NAMES utf8' 

leafpad /etc/apache2/conf.d/charset 
[Add the following two lines in] 
AddCharset UTF-8 .utf8
AddDefaultCharset UTF-8

Save the file and close the editor.

Sax parser setup

leafpad /etc/perl/XML/SAX/ParserDetails.ini

Cut and paste the following command to the bottom of the file and save it.


Instance creation

sudo apt-get install mysql-server

[Put a password for MySQL Root USER]

Apply following commands,
sudo apt-get clean
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo service apache2 restart
sudo koha-create --create-db library

Ubuntu MySQL security Tweak

sudo su
mysql -u root -p

[Enter the MySQL Root password when it ask]
Execute the following commands,

USE mysql;
DELETE FROM user WHERE user='';

Configuring Apache
Execute the following commands in a terminal. 

sudo a2dissite 000-default
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo a2enmod deflate
sudo a2ensite library
sudo service apache2 restart

Start web installation of Koha
The username to log in with will be koha_library and the password will be near the end of /etc/koha/sites/library/koha-conf.xml

Apply the following command to see the koha login password. Note down the password.

sudo xmlstarlet sel -t -v 'yazgfs/config/pass' /etc/koha/sites/library/koha-conf.xml

Open following link in a broswer and proceed with post installation configurations,

How to change Koha master password?
See the following link

Zebra rebuild command

sudo su
koha-rebuild-zebra -v -f library